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Wednesday, March 16, 2011

The System Engineering Hierarchy - System Modeling

Good system engineering begins with a clear understanding of context - the world view - and then progressively narrows focus until technical details are understood. System engineering encompasses a collection of top-down and bottom-up methods to navigate the hierarchy.
System engineering process begins with a world of view which is refined to focus more fully on a specific domain of interest. Within a specific domain, the need for targeted system elements is analyzed. Finally, the analysis, design, and construction of targeted system element is initiated. Broad context is established at the top of the hierarchy and at the bottom, detailed technical activities are conducted. It is important for a system engineer narrows the focus of work as one moves downward in the hierarchy.

System modeling is an important element of system engineering process. System engineering model accomplishes the following:
- define processes.
- represent behavior of the process.
- define both exogenous and endogenous input to model.
- represent all linkages.

Some restraining factors that are considered to construct a system model are:
- Assumptions that reduce number of possible permutations and variations thus enabling a model to reflect the problem in a reasonable manner.
- Simplifications that enable the model to be created in a timely manner.
- Limitations that help to bound the system.
- Constraints that will guide the manner in which the model is created and the approach taken when the model is implemented.
- Preferences that indicate the preferred architecture for all data, functions , and technology.
The resultant system model may call for a completely automated or semi automated or a non automated solution.

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