Subscribe by Email

Thursday, September 5, 2013

Explain the technique of admission control to control congestion in virtual circuit subnets?

- Virtual circuits can be thought of as a virtual channel in the telecommunication networks as well as computer networks. 
- Virtual circuit sub-nets represent a communication service that is connection oriented. 
- This service is used through the packet mode communication.
- A stream of data bytes can be exchanged between the two nodes only if a virtual circuit has been established between them. 
- Without the presence of the higher level protocols, data division has to be dealt with unnecessarily. 
- Therefore, the virtual circuits always allow the high level protocols. 
- There is a resemblance between the circuit switching mode and the virtual circuits because of the fact that both of them are based up on connection. 
- The packets that are transmitted through a virtual circuit sub-net consist of a circuit number and not the destination address. 
- This is why the memory requirement of the packets is less when using virtual circuits and more in the others. 
- This also makes the virtual circuit sub nets less expensive when compared to other sub nets. 

In this article we discuss about the technique for congestion control in virtual circuit sub nets. 
- One most popular technique is of the admission control. 
- Most of the congestion control methods are based up on an open loop i.e., the congestion is prevented rather than managing it after it has occurred. 
Admission control is a dynamic method for controlling the congestion problems in the virtual circuit sub nets. 
- Admission control technique has been widely accepted for preventing the congestion problem from getting worse over the time. 
- The technique is based up on a very simple idea which is that no virtual circuit is set up until and unless the congestion problem that was detected has been resolved. 
- Therefore, any attempt that is made for establishing a new virtual connection with the transport layer is failed. 
- The things get even worse if the access is granted to more and more people. 
Simplicity of the technique is one of its characteristic that makes it easy to be implemented. 
- The technique can be implemented in a straightforward manner. 
- The admission control technique is also used by the telephone systems for combating with the congestion problems. 
- The admission control technique is implemented whenever a switch in the network gets overloaded. 
- At this time no dial tone is heard. 
- Establishing new virtual connections represents another way of coping with this problem. 
- Here, the new connections have to be routed carefully such that there are no problems. 
Another method for eliminating the problem of congestion is to strike an agreement between the virtual circuit subnet and the host. 
- By this we mean establishing a new virtual circuit. 
- But this arrangement requires specifying how the traffic has to be shaped and what would be its volume, QoS (quality of service), other parameters and so on. 
- The virtual circuit sub net has to reserve the resources on its part of the agreement established. 
- These resources lie on the route where the virtual circuit has been established. 
- The resources might include the following:
Ø  Space in the router’s buffer.
Ø  Tables
Ø  Bandwidth of the lines and so on.
- The newly virtual circuits are less likely to experience the congestion problems. 
- This is because to them the availability of the resources has been guaranteed.
- Resources can be reserved in this way only if the existing sub nets are experiencing congestion problem or when the standard operating procedure is being followed. 
- One disadvantage of the admission control technique is that it leads to the wastage of the resources. 
- Also, sometime the bandwidth is left unused. 

No comments:

Facebook activity