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Friday, February 18, 2011

Component Level Design - Important Views that describes what a component is?

An Object Oriented View of Component

- From an object oriented viewpoint, a component is a set of collaborating classes.
- Each class within a component consists of attributes and operations relevant.
- Interfaces enabling the classes to communicate with other design classes are defined.
- Designer accomplishes this from analysis model and elaborates analysis classes and infrastructure classes.
- Analysis and design modeling are both iterative actions. Elaborating original analysis class may require additional analysis step which are then followed with design analysis steps to represent elaborated design class.
- Elaboration activity is applied to every component.
- After this, elaboration is applied to each attribute, operation, and interface.
- Data structures are specified.
- Algorithms for implementing each logic is designed.

The Conventional View

- A component is functional element of a program, also called module.
- It incorporates processing logic, internal data structures, interface that enables the component to be invoked and data to be passed to it.
- It resides within software architecture.
- It serves one of the roles control component, problem domain component or an infrastructure component.
- Conventional components are also derived from analysis classes.
- Data flow oriented element of analysis model is the basis for derivation.
- Each module is elaborated.
- Module interface is defined.
- Data structures are defined.
- Algorithm is designed using stepwise refinement approach.
- Design elaboration continues until sufficient detail is provided.

Process Related View

- The above two approaches assume that component is designed from scratch.
- Emphasize is on building systems that make use of existing software.
- As software architecture is developed, components or design patterns are chosen from catalog and used to populate the architecture.

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