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Tuesday, March 9, 2010

Open System Interconnection Reference Model - OSI Model

The OSI Reference Model is founded on a suggestion developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). The model is known as ISO OSI (Open Systems Interconnection) Reference Model because it relates with connecting open systems – that is, systems that are open for communication with other systems. It was developed in 1984. It defines a networking framework for implementing protocols in seven layers.
Layers in the OSI model are ordered from lowest level to highest.The stack contains seven layers in two groups:The layers are stacked this way:
* Application
* Presentation
* Session
* Transport
* Network
* Data Link
* Physical
The upper layers of OSI model are application, presentation and session layer. The software in these layers performs application-specific functions like data formatting, encryption, and connection management.
The lower layers are transport, network, data link and physical layer. These layers provide more primitive network-specific functions like routing, addressing,and flow control.

OSI model

Benefits of OSI model

- Helps users understand how hardware and software elements function together.
- OSI is independent of country.
- OSI is independent of the operating system.
- Makes troubleshooting easier by separating networks into manageable pieces.
- Helps users understand new technologies as they are developed.

1 comment:

Centennial College said...

ISO OSI model consisting a networking framework for implementing protocols in specified seven layers is really wonderful and beneficial.

software systems design

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