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Tuesday, March 2, 2010

Ethernet Hubs

A hub connects multiple devices together. Ethernet hubs, and are most commonly used in computers for networking purposes. Ethernet hubs are available in different types, depending on the speed of the network connection or broadband speed. The number of ports an Ethernet hub supports also varies. Older Ethernet hubs were relatively large in size and sometimes noisy as they contained built in fans for cooling the unit. Newer devices are much smaller, designed for mobility, and noiseless.

Working of an Ethernet Hub

The main purpose of the Ethernet hub is to transmit the large pockets or cluster of data it receives from one computer onto another through all the ports connected to it. Ethernet uses a protocol called CSMA/CD, which stands for Carrier Sense, Multiple Access with Collision Detection.

- Carrier Sense - When a device connected to an Ethernet network wants to send data it first checks to make sure it has a carrier on which to send its data.
- Multiple Access - This means that all machines on the network are free to use the network whenever they like so long as no one else is transmitting.
- Collision Detection - A means of ensuring that when two machines start to transmit data simultaneously, that the resultant corrupted data is discarded, and re-transmissions are generated at differing time intervals.

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