Subscribe by Email

Saturday, June 29, 2013

What are the reasons for using layered protocols?

Layered protocols are typically used in the field of networking technology. There are two main reasons for using the layered protocols and these are:
  1. Specialization and
  2. Abstraction
- A neutral standard is created by a protocol which can be used by the rival companies for creating programs that are compatible. 
- So many protocols are required in the field and that should also be organized properly and these protocols have to be directed to the specialists that can work up on these protocols. 
- A network program can be created using the layered protocols by a software house if the guidelines of one layer are known. 
- The services of the lower level protocols can be provided by the companies. 
This helps them to specialize. 
- In abstraction, it is assumed that another protocol will provide the lower services. 
- A conceptual framework is provided by the layered protocol architecture that divides the complex task of information exchange into much simpler tasks between the hosts. 
- The responsibility for each of the protocols is narrowly defined. 
- A protocol provides an interface for the successive higher layer protocol. 
- As a result of this, it goes in to hiding the details of the higher protocol layers that underlies. 
- The advantage of using the layered protocols is that the same application i.e., the user level program can be used by a number of diverse communication networks.
- For example, when you are connected to a dial up line or internet via LAN you can use the same browser. 
- For simplifying the networking designs, one of the most common techniques used is the protocol layering. 
- The networking designs are divided in to various functional layers and the protocols are assigned for carrying out the tasks of each layer. 
- It is quite common to keep the functions of the data delivery separate from each other and separate layers for the connection management too.  
Therefore, we have one protocol for performing the data delivery tasks and second one for performing connection management. 
- The second one is layered up on the first one. 
- Since the connection management protocol is not concerned with the data delivery, it is also quite simple. 
- The OSI seven layer model and the DoD model are one of the most important layered protocols ever designed. 
- A fusion of both the models is represented by the modern internet. 
- Simple protocols are produced by the protocol layering with some well defined tasks. 
- These protocols then can be put together to be used as a new whole protocol. - As required for some particular applications, the individual protocols can be either replaced or removed. 
- Networking is such a field involving programmers, electricians, mathematicians, designers, electricians and so on. 
- People from these various fields have very less in common and it is because of the layering that people with such varying skills to make an assumption or feel like others are carrying out their duty. 
- This is what we call abstraction. 
- Protocols at a level can be followed by an application programmer via abstraction assuming that network exists and similarly electricians assume and do their work. 
- One layer can provide services to the succeeding layer and can get services in return too. 
- Abstraction is thus the fundamental foundation for layering. 
- Stack has been used for representing the networking protocols since the start of network engineering. 
- Without stack, it would be unmanageable as well as overwhelming. 
Representing the layers of specialization for the first protocols derived from TCP/ IP.

No comments:

Facebook activity