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Wednesday, June 13, 2007

Waterfall Development Methodology

What is the Waterfall method?
A classic SDLC model, with a linear and sequential method that has goals for each development phase. The waterfall model simplifies task scheduling, because there are no iterative or overlapping steps. One drawback of the waterfall model is that it does not allow for much revision.
This model has the following activities.
1. System/Information Engineering and Modeling
2. Software Requirements Analysis
3. Systems Analysis and Design
4. Code Generation / Implementation
5. Testing
6. Maintenance

Waterfall Model
To follow the waterfall model, one proceeds from one phase to the next in a purely sequential manner. For example, one first completes "requirements specification" — they set in stone the requirements of the software.When the requirements are fully completed, one proceeds to design. The software in question is designed and a "blueprint" is drawn for implementers (coders) to follow — this design should be a plan for implementing the requirements given. When the design is fully completed, an implementation of that design is made by coders. Towards the later stages of this implementation phase, disparate software components produced by different teams are integrated.
After the implementation and integration phases are complete, the software product is tested and debugged; any faults introduced in earlier phases are removed here. Then the software product is installed, and later maintained to introduce new functionality and remove bugs.
Thus the waterfall model maintains that one should move to a phase only when its preceding phase is completed and perfected. Phases of development in the waterfall model are thus discrete, and there is no jumping back and forth or overlap between them.

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